Practising law requires specialization where lawyers specialize in such matters and can practice the law either as attorneys, attorney at law, solicitor advocate, barrister, counsel, bar at law, barrister at law as well as counsellor but cannot practice as paralegal or executive secretary of the charter. Lawyers are required to effectively applies theories and knowledge in law to solve problems as well as advance interests of their clients in legal services. Lawyers are required to carry out various roles including arguing in court of law orally on behalf of their clients, doing research and making drafts papers used in a court to argue a case, and counselling their clients and giving them legal advice on issues. Other roles include protecting property that is intellectual such as trademarks, patent and designs, drafting contracts as well as drafting trusts, wills and other documents that ensure disposition of a property after a person’s death.
Specialization for lawyers is quite possible where one takes a single line of issues to cover on behalf of their clients such as divorce lawyers, civil lawyers, criminal lawyers. Individuals or even companies that have been charged with engaging in criminal activities can seek the services of a specialized criminal lawyer to represent them in a court of law. Since criminal lawyers need to capture all the details regarding the criminal case and advise the client accordingly, there is need to remain in constant communication which should be confidential. When criminal lawyers represent two clients in a similar case to defend them all, conflict of interest may arise and this is discouraged hence a lawyer should represent only one client.
Criminal lawyers are required to maintain privacy and privilege with their clients regarding any communications that takes place between them and advise their clients accordingly. This privilege is exempted where the clients may use the advice offered to commit more crimes, doing body harm and injury to themselves as well as committing suicide. A criminal lawyer is also required to perform their duties with zeal to ensure that the defence they present in a court of law on behalf of their clients is viable. This suitable information can be obtained from various sources that relate to the criminal case such as reviewing the reports from the police, interviewing the witnesses, among others so as to gather facts. Criminal lawyers are required to be honest at all times either with the clients or in a court of law during the defence. When a company or individual has been charged in a court of law with criminal charges, it is important to seek that services of a criminal lawyer as soon as possible. The lawyers ensures that one is not biased in any way to hinder their defence.